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空调保养五法则

2018-06-11 01:37:24 PM

一、开关(guan)秘法 


使(shi)(shi)用(yong)(yong)空(kong)(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)不(bu)(bu)应(ying)频繁开(kai)关(guan)。不(bu)(bu)要(yao)因(yin)为房间(jian)温(wen)度(du)已达要(yao)求值或(huo)高于要(yao)求值,而经(jing)常启(qi)动(dong)和(he)关(guan)闭(bi)空(kong)(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)器(qi)(qi),而应(ying)当让空(kong)(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)器(qi)(qi)通过温(wen)度(du)控(kong)(kong)制器(qi)(qi)来控(kong)(kong)制启(qi)动(dong)和(he)关(guan)闭(bi)。空(kong)(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)器(qi)(qi)不(bu)(bu)使(shi)(shi)用(yong)(yong) 时(shi)(shi)应(ying)关(guan)断电(dian)源(yuan),拔掉电(dian)源(yuan)插(cha)头。空(kong)(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)无论因(yin)何种(zhong)原因(yin)而停(ting)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(如突然断电(dian)、人为停(ting)机(ji)(ji)(ji)等),由于一般空(kong)(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)器(qi)(qi)均没有停(ting)机(ji)(ji)(ji)的时(shi)(shi)间(jian)延(yan)(yan)迟器(qi)(qi)(延(yan)(yan)迟时(shi)(shi)间(jian)约3分钟),这(zhei)时(shi)(shi)这(zhei) 类空(kong)(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)器(qi)(qi)停(ting)机(ji)(ji)(ji)后虽可马(ma)上(shang)开(kai)机(ji)(ji)(ji),但(dan)需过3分钟后才(cai)能(neng)运转。但(dan)对无时(shi)(shi)间(jian)延(yan)(yan)迟器(qi)(qi)的空(kong)(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)器(qi)(qi),停(ting)机(ji)(ji)(ji)后不(bu)(bu)能(neng)立即开(kai)机(ji)(ji)(ji),务必过约3分钟之后,才(cai)能(neng)重新开(kai)启(qi)空(kong)(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)器(qi)(qi),否(fou)则可 能(neng)造成启(qi)动(dong)电(dian)流过大(da),烧毁(hui)熔丝,甚至烧毁(hui)压缩机(ji)(ji)(ji)电(dian)机(ji)(ji)(ji)的后果。 尤其(qi)要(yao)注意有效使(shi)(shi)用(yong)(yong)定(ding)时(shi)(shi)器(qi)(qi)。睡眼及外出时(shi)(shi),请利(li)用(yong)(yong)定(ding)时(shi)(shi)器(qi)(qi)使(shi)(shi)其(qi)仅(jin)在必要(yao)的时(shi)(shi)间(jian)内运转,以便省电(dian)。


二、温(wen)度秘法 

   

空(kong)调(diao)(diao)运行要注意细心调(diao)(diao)节(jie)温度,避免(mian)过(guo)热(re)(re)或(huo)过(guo)冷。如暖气时(shi)低(di)2℃,则可省电(dian)10%左右。空(kong)调(diao)(diao)运行时(shi)尽量(liang)少开门窗。频繁地开闭(bi)门窗会使(shi)(shi)空(kong)调(diao)(diao)的(de)制冷、制热(re)(re)效(xiao)果降 低(di),浪费(fei)电(dian)。使(shi)(shi)用(yong)空(kong)调(diao)(diao)的(de)房(fang)间(jian)窗户应使(shi)(shi)用(yong)窗帘遮挡。冬季白(bai)天使(shi)(shi)日光射进(jin)房(fang)间(jian),夜(ye)间(jian)用(yong)窗帘遮挡,以防热(re)(re)量(liang)损失(shi)。特(te)别在夏季,遮住日光的(de)直射可使(shi)(shi)空(kong)调(diao)(diao)节(jie)电(dian)约 5%。另外,由于(yu)隔热(re)(re)良好的(de)房(fang)屋省电(dian)。因此(ci)家庭建(jian)房(fang)、增建(jian)或(huo)装(zhuang)修时(shi)建(jian)议使(shi)(shi)用(yong)隔热(re)(re)材料。


三、滤网秘法 

  

在所(suo)有(you)家用(yong)电器(qi)中,空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)积尘(chen)污(wu)染是严重(zhong)的(de)(de),而空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)的(de)(de)清(qing)洗(xi)也(ye)(ye)是容易被(bei)忽略的(de)(de)事。有(you)些用(yong)户自(zi)装(zhuang)上空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)后(hou)长年(nian)累月(yue)使(shi)用(yong),从不(bu)清(qing)洗(xi),直 到发(fa)生故障(zhang)。有(you)相当部(bu)分送修(xiu)的(de)(de)空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)是由(you)于(yu)缺乏清(qing)洗(xi)保养而过(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)早损坏的(de)(de),因此,空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)一般在夏季(ji)使(shi)用(yong)前(qian)或(huo)秋季(ji)使(shi)用(yong)后(hou)需进行一次清(qing)洗(xi)保养。尤其是滤(lv)(lv)(lv)网(wang)(wang)的(de)(de)保养。近年(nian) 由(you)于(yu)长效除臭(chou)空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)滤(lv)(lv)(lv)清(qing)过(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)滤(lv)(lv)(lv)网(wang)(wang)的(de)(de)采用(yong),使(shi)空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)的(de)(de)清(qing)新空(kong)(kong)气(qi)质量大为提(ti)高(gao)。对于(yu)这类空(kong)(kong)气(qi)过(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)滤(lv)(lv)(lv)网(wang)(wang)的(de)(de)清(qing)扫,拆(chai)卸时(shi)注(zhu)意(yi)别(bie)碰到室(shi)内(nei)机组的(de)(de)金(jin)属部(bu)分,因为有(you)被(bei)刮伤的(de)(de)可(ke)(ke) 能。拆(chai)下(xia)空(kong)(kong)气(qi)过(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)滤(lv)(lv)(lv)网(wang)(wang)后(hou),轻(qing)轻(qing)拍弹或(huo)使(shi)用(yong)电动(dong)吸尘(chen)器(qi)进行清(qing)扫。如果过(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)滤(lv)(lv)(lv)网(wang)(wang)积污(wu)过(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)多,则可(ke)(ke)用(yong)水(shui)或(huo)中性洗(xi)涤剂洗(xi)刷,但不(bu)得用(yong)50℃以(yi)上的(de)(de)热水(shui)清(qing)洗(xi),以(yi)免变形。也(ye)(ye) 不(bu)要用(yong)海(hai)绵(mian)清(qing)洗(xi),否则会(hui)损坏过(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)滤(lv)(lv)(lv)网(wang)(wang)表面,待用(yong)清(qing)水(shui)冲洗(xi)干(gan)(gan)净后(hou),放阴(yin)凉处(chu)风干(gan)(gan),千(qian)万不(bu)要在阳光下(xia)暴(bao)晒或(huo)在火(huo)炉旁烘(hong)干(gan)(gan),因为那样可(ke)(ke)能会(hui)引起变形。将风干(gan)(gan)后(hou)的(de)(de)空(kong)(kong) 气(qi)过(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)滤(lv)(lv)(lv)网(wang)(wang)再安(an)装(zhuang)回空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)原位,整(zheng)个(ge)保养过(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)程也(ye)(ye)就(jiu)完成(cheng)了。空(kong)(kong)气(qi)过(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)滤(lv)(lv)(lv)网(wang)(wang)是消(xiao)耗品,大约每四个(ge)月(yue)更(geng)换一次,如果过(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)滤(lv)(lv)(lv)网(wang)(wang)阻塞,就(jiu)会(hui)使(shi)滤(lv)(lv)(lv)清(qing)能力降(jiang)低,减少空(kong)(kong)气(qi)循(xun)环量, 从而降(jiang)低冷气(qi),暖气(qi)效果。 


四、元件(jian)秘法

   

在日常空(kong)(kong)调(diao)运行(xing)中(zhong),要注意保(bao)护冷(leng)凝器(qi)与(yu)蒸(zheng)发器(qi)的(de)散(san)热(re)片(pian)。冷(leng)凝器(qi)与(yu)蒸(zheng)发器(qi)的(de)散(san)热(re)片(pian)是(shi)0.15毫米的(de)铝(lv)片(pian)套入(ru)(ru)铜(tong)管后胀管而成,经(jing)不(bu)(bu)起(qi)(qi)碰撞(zhuang),若损(sun)(sun)坏(huai)了散(san)热(re)片(pian),就(jiu) 会影响空(kong)(kong)调(diao)的(de)散(san)热(re)效果,使(shi)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)效率减(jian)低。另外(wai)(wai),还要保(bao)护好制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)系(xi)(xi)统(tong)。若损(sun)(sun)坏(huai)了制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)系(xi)(xi)统(tong)的(de)部件或连接管路(lu),就(jiu)会使(shi)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)剂泄漏(lou),空(kong)(kong)调(diao)器(qi)就(jiu)不(bu)(bu)能制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)。每隔(ge)半年(nian)应(ying) 对(dui)室外(wai)(wai)冷(leng)却器(qi)用长(zhang)毛刷(shua)进(jin)行(xing)清洗灰(hui)尘。每年(nian)拆下(xia)机(ji)芯,对(dui)风(feng)扇电机(ji)轴承注入(ru)(ru)适当(dang)的(de)润滑油,制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)系(xi)(xi)统(tong)不(bu)(bu)必处理(li),只(zhi)要清除外(wai)(wai)表污垢即可。使(shi)用水冷(leng)式(shi)空(kong)(kong)调(diao),当(dang)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)系(xi)(xi) 统(tong)工作时(shi),不(bu)(bu)得关(guan)闭(bi)水源。对(dui)装在室外(wai)(wai)的(de)风(feng)冷(leng)冷(leng)凝器(qi),每隔(ge)1-2个月要清除灰(hui)尘。冬季停机(ji)时(shi),应(ying)将水冷(leng)式(shi)冷(leng)凝器(qi)内的(de)存水排尽,以防冻裂。还有,空(kong)(kong)调(diao)要正(zheng)确选(xuan) 用熔(rong)断(duan)丝(si)(保(bao)险丝(si))。按产品说明(ming)书标明(ming)的(de)额定电流来选(xuan)择熔(rong)断(duan)丝(si)的(de)规(gui)格,过大不(bu)(bu)起(qi)(qi)保(bao)险作用,过小则常会断(duan)。 


五、驯风大(da)法

  

勿遮挡室(shi)外机(ji)的(de)吹风(feng)口。室(shi)外机(ji)的(de)吹风(feng)口处放置物(wu)品遮挡时(shi),冷(leng)暖气(qi)效果降(jiang)低,浪费电。善(shan)于(yu)利用风(feng)向(xiang)调节。暖气(qi)时(shi)风(feng)向(xiang)板(ban)向(xiang)下,冷(leng)气(qi)时(shi)风(feng)向(xiang)板(ban)水平,效果较好(hao)